Diazepam is a type of benzodiazepine drug that can affect the brain’s nervous system and provide a sedative effect. Diazepam works by affecting neurotransmitters, which function to transmit signals to brain cells. This drug is used to treat anxiety disorders, insomnia, convulsions, acute alcohol withdrawal symptoms, and is used as an anesthetic before surgery.
Diazepam is not recommended for long-term use, and is generally only around 4 weeks. The effect of this drug can last for several hours or even several days after consumption.
Trademarks: Prozepam, Valdimex, Trazep, Valisanbe
Prescription Drug Category
- Anxiety disorders
- Relaxing spastic muscles
- Seizures due to epilepsy or febrile seizures
- Alcohol withdrawal symptoms
Used by adults and children
Category pregnancy and breastfeeding Category D: There is positive evidence about the risk to the human fetus, but the magnitude of the benefits obtained may be greater than the risk, for example to overcome life-threatening situations.
Drug form Tablet, syrup, injection, supositorial rectal (rectal)
Another name is Valium
- Do not use diazepam in the long term to avoid addiction, addiction, and also the effects of resistance to this drug.
- Avoid consuming alcoholic beverages during treatment because it has the potential to increase the sedative effect of the drug.
- Diazepam can cause drowsiness, dizziness, and blurred vision. Try not to drive or operate heavy equipment when taking this medicine.
- Be careful of drug and alcohol addicts, people with respiratory disorders, kidney disorders, liver disorders, mental disorders, blood disorders, glaucoma, and myasthenia gravis.
- See a doctor if you experience changes in mindset or behavior. This drug can cause confusion, hallucinations, and even suicidal thoughts.
Use Diazepam Correctly.
Oral form of Diazepam can be taken before or after meals. If you take diazepam to treat insomnia, take this medicine before going to bed.
The dosage of diazepam will usually be lowered by the doctor slowly before it is stopped completely. This is done to prevent drug withdrawal symptoms.
If you forget to take diazepam, it is recommended to do it immediately if paused with the next consumption schedule not too close. If it’s close, ignore it and don’t double the dose.
Avoid consuming grapefruit to avoid potential side effects while on treatment using diazepam.
The following are some of the risks that may occur if using diazepam together with certain drugs, including:
- Can increase the depressant effect on the central nervous system by sharing antiviral drugs (such as amprenavir and ritonavir), anesthesia, analgesic, antidepressant, antipsychotic, anxiolytic, antiepileptic, antihistamine, antihypertensive drugs, muscle relaxant drugs (eg tizanidine or baclofen) and nabilone.
- Expenditures of diazepam from the body will decrease if consumed with antibiotics that can affect the workings of liver enzymes (eg isoniazid and erythromycin), oral contraceptives, cimetidine, and omeprazole.
- On the other hand, antibiotic drugs known as stimulants of liver enzymes (such as rifampicin) can increase the release of drugs from the body.
- Can reduce the release of drugs digoxin from the body.
- Increase drug levels in the blood if consumed together with disulfiram.
- Potential causes of temporary deterioration in Parkinson’s disease if taken together with levodopa. Can reduce the therapeutic effects of theophylline.
Get to know the side effects and danger of Diazepam
A person’s reaction to a drug can vary. Some of the common side effects in using diazepam are:
- Drowsiness or dizziness.
- Impaired coordination or balance function.
- Blurred vision.
- Easy to forget and feel confused.
- Be aggressive.
If prolonged side effects occur or you experience severe side effects after using diazepam, such as allergic reactions, symptoms of infection, hallucinations, difficulty speaking or moving the body, yellowing of the body or difficulty urinating, immediately see a doctor or go to the nearest hospital to be treated quickly . Do not take diazepam more than recommended because the overdose it causes can be fatal.