Oxycodone is a pain reliever that is included in the group of opioid analgesic drugs. This type of drug is used to treat pain with moderate to severe severity. Generally, oxycodone is used to treat pain that appears after surgery or to relieve pain caused by cancer. This drug works in the nervous system and brain by changing the body’s response to pain sensations.
This drug is available in the form of tablets, capsules, and injections. Usually, doctors will prescribe oxycodone in combination with other drugs such as naloxone. Naloxone serves to help reduce one of the side effects that may be caused by oxycodone, namely constipation.
Opioid group analgesic
Prescription Drug Category
Benefits Reduce moderate to severe pain
Consumed by adults (children ask a doctor)
Forms of drugs Tablets, capsules, and injection drugs
- For those of you who are pregnant or breastfeeding, it is recommended not to use oxycodone. Consult a doctor before taking this medicine.
- If you are taking other drugs, you must inform your doctor to avoid drug interactions.
- For those of you who have asthma or other respiratory disorders, and problems in the stomach or intestines are not recommended to use this medicine.
- Be careful using oxycodone if you have heart, liver or kidney problems, and have alcohol dependence.
- You also have to be careful if you have respiratory problems, such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and low blood pressure.
- Tell your doctor if you have an allergy to the drug, have had a head injury, and abnormalities in the pancreas, thyroid gland, and adrenals.
- Oxycodone can cause drowsiness and dizziness. Do not drive a vehicle or operate machinery after using this medicine.
During the initial treatment, the doctor will likely prescribe oral oxycodone to use 4-6 times per day (5 mg each), a maximum of 400 mg per day. The dose can increase if needed.
For treatment by intravenous injection, the doctor will give a dose of 1-10 mg with the duration of injection 1-2 minutes. The injection can be done repeatedly with a pause of at least 4 hours. If the treatment is done through an IV, the doctor will give a dose of 2 mg per hour and the dose can be increased if needed.
This drug is a hard drug and can cause drug dependence. Therefore, make sure to take the medication according to the doctor’s advice without exceeding or reducing the dose.
Using Oxycodone Correctly
Make sure you understand the use of oxycodone in accordance with the rules, including regarding other drugs that may or may not be used simultaneously. Do not use this drug more than the dose or longer than the time period that has been prescribed by a doctor because it can have a fatal impact. One more thing, do not share this drug with other people even if you have the same case, except on the doctor’s advice. If you forget to use this medicine, don’t duplicate this drug at one time.
Recognize the Side Effects and Dangers of Oxycodone
After using this medicine, you may experience side effects such as nausea, vomiting, constipation, dizziness, or drowsiness. Adding a dose of this drug can increase the risk of breathing difficulties and some other rare side effects. Usually, these side effects will decrease with the passage of treatment. But if your condition worsens, contact your doctor as soon as possible.
Especially for pregnant women, this drug can only be used if it is really needed, according to the doctor’s recommendations. Because the use of this drug in the first two months of pregnancy can increase the risk of abnormalities in infants. For example, the baby is dependent on drugs, so he must undergo additional treatment after birth. Tell your doctor if you find abnormal symptoms in a newborn baby. To reduce the risk, doctors will usually give the smallest dose to pregnant women.