Cilostazol is an antiplatelet drug and a vasodilator that is used to treat intermittent claudication, a condition that causes pain in the limbs when walking because blood vessels are narrowed, which usually occurs in peripheral arterial disease.
Cilostazol works by inhibiting platelets (platelets) sticking together so as to prevent blood clots from occurring. Cilostazol also makes blood vessels dilate (vasodilators), thereby facilitating blood flow and increasing oxygen supply to body cells.
Trademarks: Cilostazol, Pletaal, Antiplat, Naletal, Aggravan, Stazol, Citaz
Antiplatelet and Vasodilator Groups
Prescription Drug Category
Benefits of Overcoming Intermittent Claudication
Consumed by adults
Categories of pregnancy and lactation
Category C: Studies in animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus, but there have been no controlled studies in pregnant women. The drug should only be used if the expected amount of benefit exceeds the risk to the fetus. Not yet known whether or not cilostazol can be absorbed into breast milk. However, the use of cilostazol while breastfeeding is not recommended.
Drug form Tablets, capsules, powders
- Be careful about taking cilostazol if you have heart, kidney and liver problems.
- Avoid taking cilostazol along with other drugs, especially ketoconazole or omeprazole, without advice and supervision from a doctor.
- Stop using cilostazol if the platelet cell count is less than normal.
- Contact your doctor immediately if an allergic reaction or overdose occurs.
Dosage of Cilostazol
Generally, the dose of cilostazol is 100 mg, 2 times a day. Consumption of cilostazol should be stopped if symptoms do not improve after 3 months of treatment.
Take Cilostazol correctly
Follow the doctor’s advice and read the information contained on the drug packaging in taking cilostazol.
Cilostazol should be consumed when the stomach is empty, which is 30 minutes before eating or 2 hours after eating. The dose of cilostazol can be adjusted to the patient’s condition, response to treatment, or the presence of other drugs being consumed.
For plastics in powder form, dissolve the cilostazol powder in a glass of water, then make sure the water is drunk until it’s finished. If not dissolved in water, leave the powder a few moments in the mouth until the medicinal powder dissolves with saliva, then swallows. Avoid consuming cilostazol powder in the supine position.
Be sure to take cilostazol at the same time every day, to get maximum results.
If you forget to take cilostazol, it is recommended to do it immediately as you remember, if the time lag with the next consumption schedule is not too close. If it’s close, ignore it and don’t double the dose.
The benefits of cilostazol may be felt after 2-4 weeks of treatment, but it takes at least 12 weeks of treatment to get optimal results.
Apply a healthy lifestyle, such as reducing eating fatty foods and quitting smoking, during treatment.
Try to store cilostazol at room temperature. Do not store this medicine in a damp room.
The following are interactions that can occur from the use of cilostazol with other drugs:
- Increase levels of cilostazol in the blood, if taken with ketoconazole or omeprazole.
- Increases bleeding potential, if taken with other antiplatelet drugs (such as aspirin) or anticoagulants (eg heparin).
Recognize the Side Effects and Dangers of Cilostazol
Side effects that may arise after taking cilostazol are:
- Easy to bruise or bleed
- Respiratory tract infections